The Journal Club (JC) sessions aim to provide a safe space for early-career researchers working in the field of cosmology to freely interact, present their work and exchange ideas.
The friendly environment of the sessions provides a medium for participants to ask the questions they want. The JC sessions are designed to foster a culture of communication, collaboration and learning, empowering early-career researchers to advance their knowledge and skills in cosmology interactively.
The sessions will be held on a monthly basis and will feature 2 talks, each lasting for 20 minutes,
followed by 10 minutes of discussion and Q&A.
The Hubble tension refers to the discrepancy in the value of the Hubble constant H0 inferred from the cosmic microwave background observations, assuming the concordance ΛCDM model of the Universe, and that from the distance ladder and other direct measurements. In order to alleviate this tension, we construct a plausible dark energy scenario, within the framework of Horndeski gravity which is one of the most general scalar-tensor theories yielding second-order equations. In our set-up, we include the self-interactions and nonminimal coupling of the dynamical dark energy scalar field which enable very interesting dynamics leading to a phantom behaviour at low redshifts along with negative dark energy densities at high redshifts. These two features together make this model a promising scenario to alleviate the Hubble tension for appropriate choices of the model parameters. Towards a consistent model building, we show that this set-up is also free from both the gradient and ghost instabilities. Finally, we confront the predictions of the model with low redshift observations from Pantheon, SH0ES, cosmic chronometers and BAO, to obtain best fit constraints on model parameters.
We found general solutions of matter stress-energy (non-)conservation in scalar-tensor FLRW-type cosmological models by extending the logotropic formalism to the case of non-minimal coupling between the scalar field and new dark fluid candidates. The energy conditions expressed by the generating function are introduced. Next, we investigate the possibility of separating baryonic from dark matter and explain their ratio as a chameleon effect in the presence of non-minimal coupling. To answer the question affirmatively we analyze simple extensions of the Λ-CDM model by adding a non-minimally coupled scalar field in the Einstein frame. Two scenarios involving either a scalaron (quintessence) or a phantom (ghost) are numerically solved and compared. As a result, it is shown that in both cases LCDM model can be reproduced with a high accuracy in the region covered by observations. As expected, in the case of the phantom (ghost) field the Big-Bang scenario is replaced by the (matter) Bounce.